Head, Laboratory of B Cell Signaling, The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
Assistant Investigator, The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
Phone: (516) 562-2573
Benchang Guo, PhD, is the Head of the Laboratory of B Cell Signaling and an Assistant Investigator at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research. He obtained his PhD from the Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Science (CAS), in 2001. During his PhD study, he cloned and analyzed function of hepatoma-related gene Adir.
His studies are focused on antigen-initiated B cell activation under the influence of T cells (T cell help). He dissected the mechanism by which T cell-derived cytokine IL-4 amplifies antigen-initiated B cell activation. His findings uncover a “real-time” dialogue between B cells and T cells in immunity. Dr. Guo joined the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research in 2006.
Optimal B cell activation is a prerequisite for an efficient immune response, which is initiated by antigen and enhanced by T cell help such as Tfh-derived cytokine IL-4. In the past several years, Dr. Guo’s team uncovered the mechanism by which IL-4 amplifies BCR-initiated B cell activation. They found that IL-4 up-regulates Igaa and Igb expression, which leads to elevated surface IgM expression. Therefore, immune response is amplified in germinal center microenvironment. IL-4 expression is associated with autoimmune disease and tumor. Their future work will focus on dissecting the roles of IL-4 in the regulation of lupus, autoimmune disease and lymphoma such as B-CLL.
Ostepontin (Opn) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that is implicated in multiple diseases. Multiple cell types secrete Opn upon activation. Naïve B2 cells do not express Opn even after BCR stimulation. His group found for the first time that B2 cells acquire the ability to secrete Opn after encountering T cell help such as IL-4. Elevated Opn expression is closely associated with autoimmune diseases. They found that Opn over-expressing B2 cells are hyperresponsive to CpG stimulation. Furthermore, old Opn transgenic mice (Ig promoter) spontaneously secrete anti-dsDNA IgM and IgG antibodies. Thus, B2 cell-derived Opn has a potential role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease. Their future work will focus on elucidating the mechanism by which B cell-derived Opn influence the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease.
B1 cells are the major source for natural IgM antibody, which is critical for maintaining homeostasis and preventing microbial invasion. PD-L2+ B1 cells are enriched with autoreactive specificities and secrete autoreactive natural IgM antibody, which facilitates clearance of autoantigens. Thus, elucidation of molecular mechanisms that govern B1 cell development and function is another research interest in his laboratory.
Anhui Normal University
Field of Study: Biology
Field of Study: Microbiology
The Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Science (CAS)
Field of Study: Cellular & Molecular Biology
1995 First class, Guang-hua Award, Xiamen University
2011 Faculty Research Award, the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research