Genetics is the study of heredity, which is the process of transmission of genes from parents to their children or offspring. Genes carry information on physical traits that are characteristic of a person, but they may also carry the risk of certain diseases and disorders that may pass from parents to their children. Genetics studies the molecular structure and function of genes, gene behavior in the context of an organism, pattern of inheritance from parent to offspring, and gene distribution, variation and change in populations.
Feinstein Institute researchers are using genetic studies to gain insight into a variety of diseases that include autoimmune diseases (in which the immune system attacks normal elements of the body) such as Lupus and arthritis, cancer, certain forms of anemia, Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia. These studies have generated relevant diagnostic and therapeutic tools for these diseases.